Dr. Mehrdad Makhani - The Happy Dentist - Prosthetic Dental Implants and General Dentistry in Los Angeles
Mehrdad Makhani
Periodontal Disease
The Dentist explains Periodontal Disease, Periodontal Condition and Gum Disease.

periodontal disease

Periodontal Condition

Researchers believe bacteria in plaque cause gum disease but other things, like stress, smoking, poor nutrition, illness, or genetic factors contribute to gum disease or periodontal condition. Patients often confuse plaque and tartar and how they are related to each other. Plaque is a bacterial film found above and below the gumline. It is a sticky, colorless deposit which is constantly forming on teeth. Food and fluids combine to produce deposits, and saliva allows these deposits (plaque) to stick to your teeth.

Plaque which is not removed by regular brushing and flossing can harden into unsightly tartar (also called calculus). Calculus is a destructive yellow or brown crust that can only be removed by your dentist or hygienist.


Periodontal disease is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Gingivitis is an early sign of periodontal disease. This is a serious condition also known as gum disease.
periodontal condition

gum disease

Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums followed by some swelling, tenderness, and often bleeding caused by simple brushing.

Often when the gums are left untreated, damage to the bone and supporting tissues will follow.

Periodontitis is the deterioration of the bone. Using a periodontal probe, your dentist will examine you for periodontal disease. It is crucial to determine the severity of the periodontal condition since the appropriate treatment has to be administered.

periodontal condition

Untreated gums will cause the infection to damage the bone. Receding gums are followed by spaces between your teeth.
periodontal disease

dentist

Calculus below the gumline is observed.

Treatment mobilities are different. They depend on the professional judgment of your dentist or periodontist (dentist specializing in gum disease). Remember, advanced periodontitis will cause the eventual loss of your teeth.

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Dr. Mehrdad Makhani specializes in Prosthetic Dental Implants and General Dentistry in Los Angeles • 323-933-7744